## CHARGING, DISCHARGING, SERIES PARALLEL CONNECTION & TYPES OF CAPACITOR

Charging and Discharging of capacitor: In case of charging, when a capacitor charged by a battery of V volt, a high resistance is connected in...

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BASIC FUNDA
## CHARGING, DISCHARGING, SERIES PARALLEL CONNECTION & TYPES OF CAPACITOR

Charging and Discharging of capacitor: In case of charging, when a capacitor charged by a battery of V volt, a high resistance is connected in...

BASIC FUNDA
## CAPACITOR AND CAPACITANCE

Capacitor: The capacitor is a passive device, which can store electric charge into its conducting surface (plates) when connected with a voltage source and discharge...

BASIC FUNDA
## SUPPORTS – POLE AND TOWER.

SUPPORTS: Supports for overhead lines are mainly of two types (a) Pole and (b) Tower. Up to 33 kv in distribution system poles are used....

BASIC FUNDA
## SELF & MUTUAL INDUCTION, HYSTERESIS & EDDY CURRENT LOSS.

SELF INDUCTANCE: It is the basic property of a coil due to which it resists increasing or decreasing of flux by flowing current through it....

BASIC FUNDA
## FLEMMING’S RIGHT HAND RULE AND LENZ’S LAW.

DIRECTION OF INDUCED EMF AND CURRENT: The direction of induced current may be found by Flemming’s right hand rule and Lenz’s law. Flemming’s right hand...

BASIC FUNDA
## ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION.

ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION: As per previous study, we know that when electric current flows through a conductor, it creates a magnetic field surrounding it. The reverse...

BASIC FUNDA
## BIOT- SAVART , MAXWELL LAW

BIOT- SAVART LAW: Baptisle Biot and Felix Savart, in the year 1820 states a law which determines the magnetic field strength surrounding of a current...

BASIC FUNDA
## MAGNETISATION CURVE, CIRCUITAL LAW

MAGNETISATION CURVE:- For a Ferromagnetic material, Magnetization curve is the graphical representation of flux density (B) and magnetizing force (H) or magnetic field strength. This...

BASIC FUNDA
## LEAKAGE FLUX

LEAKAGE FLUX: Leakage flux is that flux which does not follow the specified path for it, that means it follows the path which is not...

BASIC FUNDA
## MAGNETIC CIRCUIT

MAGNETIC CIRCUIT: The closed loop or path which is followed by magnetic flux is called magnetic circuit. As electric current flows through electric circuit, flux...

BASIC FUNDA
## FORCE AND DIRECTION

FORCE AND ITS DIRECTION OF A CURRENT CARRYING CONDUCTOR LYING IN A MAGNETIC FIELD: We know that when current flows through a current carrying conductor,...

BASIC FUNDA
## ELECTROMAGNETISM

ELECTROMAGNETISM: Electromagnetism is the magnetism which is developed by electric current. When a current carrying conductor is electrically charged, it generates some magnetic force surrounding...

BASIC FUNDA
## SUSCEPTIBILITY, CURIE POINT.

What is intensity of magnetization? Intensity of magnetization, symbolized as I, of a magnetic material is defined as the magnetic moment per unit volume of...

BASIC FUNDA
## ABSOLUTE, RELATIVE PERMEABILITY

ABSOLUTE PERMEABILITY: This is the property of a medium, on which magnetism and electromagnetism depends. In other words, the ability of the medium to conduct...

BASIC FUNDA
## FIELD STRENGTH, FLUX, POTENTIAL.

MAGNETIC FIELD STRENGTH (H): The magnetic field strength’s symbol is H and measured in amperes per meter (A/M) or Newton per Weber (N/W). This is...

BASIC FUNDA
## MAGNETIC FIELD & FORCE

WHAT IS MAGNETISM? Magnetism is nothing but a force produced by magnetic fields, which is caused by motion of electric charges. It means, magnetism is...

BASIC FUNDA
## RESISTOR, COLOR CODING AND APPLICATION.

A resistor is a device which has a known value of resistance to oppose the flow of electric current through it. A resistor is required...

BASIC FUNDA
## TEMPERATURE EFFECT ON RESISTANCE, VOLTAGE DIVIDER RULE.

EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON RESISTANCE: If the temperature increases, the resistance of the pure metal also increases as the resistivity of these materials depends on...

BASIC FUNDA
## LAWS OF RESISTANCE, TEMPERATURE EFFECT.

LAWS OF RESISTANCE: The value of resistance of a conductor depends on its ►i) Length– l. ►ii) Cross section- A. ►iii)Nature of the conductor material....

BASIC FUNDA
## OHM’S LAW AND ELECTRIC RESISTANCE

OHM’S LAW: Ohm’s law states about the relation between voltage, current and resistance in a D.C circuit. This law states that, if the temperature of...

BASIC FUNDA
## ELECTRIC CURRENT

ELECTRIC CURRENT: Electric current is a quantity of electric charge, i.e, electrons flow through a point of an electric circuit per unit of time. In...

BASIC FUNDA
## DIELECTRIC STRENGTH, B-D VOLTAGE, SUPERPOSITION AND HOMOGENEITY

DIELECTRIC STRENGTH: This is the maximum potential difference of a unit thickness insulating material can withstand under ideal conditions without breaking down. In insulators there...

BASIC FUNDA
## VOLTAGE, ZERO POTENTIAL, E.M.F, EQUIPOTENTIAL SURFACES, POTENTIAL GRADIENT.

VOLTAGE OR ELECTRIC POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE: It is the work-done for moving a unit positive charge i.e, 1 coulomb from one point to another in an...

BASIC FUNDA
## ELECTRIC FLUX… GAUSS’S LAW

ELECTRIC FLUX: This is the total number of electric force lines passing through a surface. The lines of force passed the surface is unit area....

BASIC FUNDA
## ELECTROSTATICS.

ELECTROSTATICS: When we discuss about static electricity also known as stationary charges and its laws, the branch of science is known as electrostatics. PERMITTIVITY: This...

BASIC FUNDA
## DRIFT VELOCITY, DRIFT CURRENT

ELECTRON DRIFT VELOCITY : Free electrons in metal or conductor are moving in random speed and direction in normal condition. These electrons collide with ions...

BASIC FUNDA
## ATOMIC STRUCTURE

ATOM The smallest unit of all matter are called atom. It carries the same properties of that matter. An atom consist of a central nucleus...

BASIC FUNDA
## WORK, POWER, ENERGY

FORCE: A force is that, which can change the motion or can change the velocity of motion i.e. accelerate of an object with mass. It...